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Eagle Eye: The Human Edge in the New Age of Container Shipping

Download the whitepaper to know how the people behind the organization can support the growth and productivity

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OPUS Terminal: The Complexities of Upgrading the Terminal Operating System

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CARA: Communication Imperatives for Connected Ocean Carriers

CARA streamlines business processes by standardising and automating data exchanges to facilitate co-operation between carriers of various degrees such as slot charter, slot swap, joint operations and alliances. Download the whitepaper to understand how effective synchronisation and data transparency can streamline processes and improve overall customer service.

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ALLEGRO: Total and Integrated Liner Management System for Ocean Carriers

Facing the shipping industry right now, is the onset of depressed freight rates, geopolitical turbulence and overcapacity of ships. The market is also seeing a rising trend of shipping lines who are now deeply committed to investing in IT solutions to take them to the next level of performance. Download whitepaper to understand how adopting smart liner management solutions can aid in improving overall productivity.

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It’s a fact of life that problems happen; natural disasters, labor strikes, political terminal or global pandemics can cause unplanned interruptions to your supply chain. The three most common supply chain disruptors historically are damaged goods, late deliveries and quality issues. Those of us who have been able to set up our logistics and supply chain processes utilizing a cloud-based infrastructure that centralizes data management, facilitates partner collaboration, and automates workflow alerting systems, will come out on top. End to end visibility is the key winning factor.

Types of Automated Container Terminals

An automated container terminal can be defined as a terminal that runs as an automated process some or all of discharging of ships, transport, and yard equipment operations.

Categorization of container terminals by automated zone

Automated container terminals are classified into full and semi automation according to the degree of automation. Full or semi automation is determined by whether the sector from discharging to transfer is automated using a second trolley and unmanned AGVs (automated guided vehicles).

Type Automated zone Major terminals
Discharging of ships Transport Loading & unloading vehicles
Fully automated terminal Discharging from ships: manned operation

On-land discharging: unmanned operation

Unmanned AGV ARMGC

ARTGC

– CTA in Germany

– ECT in the Netherlands

Semi-automated terminal Manned operation Manned Y/T ARMGC

ARTGC

– HJNC in South Korea

– PNC in South Korea

– TMP in the UK

– HIT in Hong Kong

While those automated terminals that operate in Europe tend to pursue full automation, the automated terminal being run at Pusan New Port (PNC), which has its operating system supplied from CyberLogitec, has adopted semi automation focusing on its yard.

semi-automated container terminal HJNC terminal in Busan
HJNC terminal, the semi-automated container terminal

Categorization of container terminals by target of automation

An automated container terminal is composed of terminal operating system (TOS) for software and automation of equipment for hardware.

Automation of a terminal operating system consists in automating gate control system, stacking area control system, and equipment control system that can improve productivity through linkage to automation of berth assignment, ship planning, and yard planning with a view to shortening time and maximizing turnover.

And equipment automation seeks to save labor and shorten time by automating the gate and ensuring unmanned operation of discharging equipment such as cranes and transfer equipment.

Automation that is limited to software is called manned automation, while automation that includes hardware as well is called unmanned automation.

In addition, for operating an automated terminal, one should consider wired/wireless network, database, and EDI communication.