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Whitepaper

Eagle Eye: The Human Edge in the New Age of Container Shipping

Download the whitepaper to know how the people behind the organization can support the growth and productivity

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OPUS Terminal: The Complexities of Upgrading the Terminal Operating System

When acquiring or upgrading a commercial TOS solution, it would serve terminals well to outsource IT complexities. By working with an experienced IT partner that incorporates the industry’s best practices have proven to improve operational productivity and competitiveness. Download whitepaper to understand how adopting smart terminal operating systems can aid in improving overall productivity.

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CARA: Communication Imperatives for Connected Ocean Carriers

CARA streamlines business processes by standardising and automating data exchanges to facilitate co-operation between carriers of various degrees such as slot charter, slot swap, joint operations and alliances. Download the whitepaper to understand how effective synchronisation and data transparency can streamline processes and improve overall customer service.

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ALLEGRO: Total and Integrated Liner Management System for Ocean Carriers

Facing the shipping industry right now, is the onset of depressed freight rates, geopolitical turbulence and overcapacity of ships. The market is also seeing a rising trend of shipping lines who are now deeply committed to investing in IT solutions to take them to the next level of performance. Download whitepaper to understand how adopting smart liner management solutions can aid in improving overall productivity.

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ALLEGRO: 5 Key Maritime Logistics Trends in 2019

As the industry leverages the latest technologies for growth, some things have changed to cloud the outlook ahead. Carriers have begun to behave differently because of varied changes in external market factors like geo-political climates and trade inbalances, and internal factors such as data duplication, lack of collaboration and the inability to optimize resources. CyberLogitec sees 5 dominant trends this 2019 that we believe will bring clarity in shaping the way forward.

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OPUS Terminal M: New Generation Multi-purpose TOS

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The Definitive Guide to Terminal Automation Solutions

Eagle Eye is a real-time monitoring, tracking and control system which enhances yard operational productivity. The digital twin and operation analysis solution analyzes the location and movement of containers and intelligently automates container handoffs without the need for human intervention. With 2D and 3D terminal visualization, yard operational decisions can be proactively and safely administered

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SMARTLINK: 7 Ways to Improve Your Logistics and Supply Chain Visibility

It’s a fact of life that problems happen; natural disasters, labor strikes, political terminal or global pandemics can cause unplanned interruptions to your supply chain. The three most common supply chain disruptors historically are damaged goods, late deliveries and quality issues. Those of us who have been able to set up our logistics and supply chain processes utilizing a cloud-based infrastructure that centralizes data management, facilitates partner collaboration, and automates workflow alerting systems, will come out on top. End to end visibility is the key winning factor.

Background for Spreading Terminal Automation and Its Expected Influence on Terminal Operating System

Born in Europe with expensive labor for the purpose of improving profitability of terminals, automated terminals have since gained in vitality. Recently, their sphere of influence is gradually widening to include Asia, Middle East, and the Americas. While there is not much expectation of an improving shipping market, we may take a look at the background for the increased automation of terminals and look into forthcoming changes.

1. Cause for spreading automation of terminals 1: increased terminal traffic

Container shipping companies are pushing for new strategies in order to secure operational efficiency in the face of an unstable market and rising oil prices. Two major strategies are the up-sizing of ships and the hub-and-spoke system. In step with the changed strategy of shipping companies, which are their customers, container terminals have in turn come to draw up their own strategy.

50 years of container ship growth
50 years of container ship growth

Safety and Shipping Review 2015

As shown in the figure above, container ships have steadily gotten bigger for last 50 years, and construction of 20,000-TEU ships is expected to realize sooner or later. Accordingly, having to accommodate such increasingly large container ships, container terminals have found it inevitable to implement changes in their berth operation such as terminal dredging and replacement with large cranes. Especially as the up-sizing ships cause the concentration of workloads on different quay cranes inside a terminal and thereby make it important to distribute work and secure productivity up to the yard, interest in terminal automation has grown naturally.

Meanwhile, the expanded operation of the hub-and-spoke system by shipping companies also contributes to the spread of terminal automation. While sharply reducing the number of ports of call on the existing routes for large ships, global shipping companies want to include on their routes only the main terminals that serve as hubs for different regions or sectors. Therefore, terminals have to equip themselves with greater competitiveness compared to their neighboring terminals in order to be chosen as hub terminals that could host large ships. As one of the strengths, they are presenting the reduction of on-board work through terminal automation.

2. Cause for spreading automation of terminals 2: falling prices of IT equipment and technological maturity

The lowering cost for realizing latest technology in a company’s business, which is enabled by the accelerating development of IT, serves as a factor that speeds up terminal automation. In general, many of the newly built automated terminals realize automation by securing high-priced automation equipment such as unmanned cranes and unmanned transport equipment. However, even without replacement with new equipment and with improvement of hand-held devices, sensors, and network alone, a terminal can be run like an automated terminal. Thus, cheaper IT equipment has made even ordinary manually operated terminals give a realistic consideration to the realization of an automation system.

The trend is further accelerated by the increasing maturity for existing core technologies such as RFID, GPS, DGPS/INS, OCR, and CCTV, which are used to identify the location of equipment and cargoes and related operations in the terminal, and exciting initiatives for tapping into the new technologies such as IoT, cloud, and big data.

3. Paradigm shift of terminal management system

What kind of influence will the terminal automation, which is spreading for such reasons, exercise on terminal management? While the erstwhile terminal management system has several different systems running in sync with TOS at the center, the axis will move to automation down the road. In other words, in the existing TOS-centered terminal management system, basic data is manually entered beforehand, which is saved into the database and used for terminal operation. On the other hand, an automation-focused operation of terminal management system uses real-time operation data in the terminal as basic data for terminal operation, and its operational results are fed into the planning and running operations.

Automated Container Terminal
Automated Container Terminal

With such evolution of terminal automation technology, a considerable portion of tasks except planning, so far conducted in terminals, will shift their operation to automation-focused mode. That is, as accumulation and utilization of real-time terminal data become possible through automation, the influence of TOS dwindles while that of automation solution increases on terminals.

In this light, we forecast an increase in solutions and related suppliers that can supplement or replace the functions of TOS. Now, not only the existing companies possessing the core technologies for automation such as Identec, Wherenet, and Certus, but also TOS suppliers such as CyberLogitec and Navis will register an increasing tendency to expand the scope of automation. Besides, we expect that optimization and simulation companies and equipment controller companies will actively participate in terminal automation through cooperation and partnership among companies.